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The Hood Magazine

Summer Safety Tips

Apr 25, 2016 10:15AM ● By Hood Magazine

By Sanford Health

Apply early and repeat: For kids six months and older (as well as adults), sunscreens with SPF of 15 or greater reduce the intensity of UVR’s that cause sunburns. Apply liberally 15 to 30 minutes before sun exposure so it can absorb into the skin and decrease the likelihood that it will be washed off. Then, reapply every two hours and after kids swim, sweat or dry off with a towel.

Cover: Dress kids in protective clothing and hats. Clothing can be an excellent barrier of ultraviolet rays. Many lightweight sun protective styles cover the neck, elbows and knees.

Keep infants out of the sun: Babies younger than six months should be kept out of direct sunlight, dressed in cool, comfortable clothing and wearing hats with brims. The American Academy of Pediatrics says sunscreen may be used on infants younger than six months on small areas of skin if adequate clothing and shade are not available.

Plan early morning play: For kids beyond that baby stage, plan children’s outdoor activities to avoid peak sun hours (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.) as much as possible.

Beware of shade: Shade provides relief from heat but offers a false sense of security about UVR protection. People can still sunburn in shade, because light is scattered and reflected.

Prevent dehydration: To prevent dehydration, kids should drink 12 ounces of fluid 30 minutes before an activity begins and take mandatory fluid breaks, with kids under 90 pounds drinking 5 ounces every 20 minutes during activities and kids over 90 pounds drinking 9 ounces every 20 minutes.

Tip: a child’s gulp equals a half-ounce of fluid, so children should drink about 10 gulps for every 20 minutes.